Published in Applied Research
Selection of non-Lactobacillus strains to be used as starters for sourdough fermentation

The suitability of forty-one non-Lactobacillus strains to be used as selected starters for sourdough fermentation was evaluated by Italian Researchers of the University of Bari and the results were published in Food Microbiology journal.

According to the data collected, Pediococcus pentosaceus OA1 and S3N3 and Leuconostoc citreum PRO17 were selected based on the optimal acidification and growth performances and the intense proteolytic activity (increase of TFFA up to 80%) on whole wheat flour doughs. A relevant degradation of phytic acid (up to 58%) and the increase of phenols content and scavenging activity (4- and 2-folds, respectively) were also observed. The technological performances were compared to two representative Lactobacillus strains (Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis). The investigation of the robustness of the selected strains during the propagation (back-slopping procedure) showed their long-term dominance only when singly-inoculated; while Leuc. citreum PRO17 dominated the fermentation when the strains were co-inoculated. The sourdoughs obtained by the non-Lactobacillus selected strains (singly or pooled) were used for breadmaking. Selected sourdoughs allowed the production of breads characterized by in-vitro protein digestibility (IVPD) higher than that of breads obtained with Lactobacillus strains or baker's yeast. The aroma profile, estimated by GC/MS, was complex and characterized by high concentration of the typical compounds (hexanol, 3-methylbutanol and 2-pentylfuran) of sourdough bread. 

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